Videos in this series include: NuStep 4000 Unique Treatments for Stoke Patients, Stroke
symptoms & signs, Quick note on Stroke, and Sliding Transfer Board.
Stroke is a type of cardiovascular disease. It affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. A stroke occurs when
a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts. When that
happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it starts to die.
What Are the Types of Stroke?
Stroke can be caused either by a clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain (ischemic strokes) or by a blood
vessel rupturing and preventing blood flow to the brain (Hemorrhagic or bleeding strokes).
Diagnosis of Stroke
When someone has shown symptoms of a stroke or a TIA (transient ischemic attack), a doctor will gather information
and make a diagnosis. A doctor may use many different tests. The ones listed here are just some of the more
Impact of stroke
Stroke is the No. 4 cause of death in the United States, behind diseases of the heart and cancer.
Prior to a stroke, many people experience a
tIA (transient ischemic attack). This is a "mini-stroke" or "warning stroke." TIAs can occur days, weeks or
even months before a major stroke. TIAs occur when a blood clot temporarily clogs an artery, and part of the brain
doesn't get the blood it needs. The warning signs are the same as for stroke; but they occur and disappear
relatively quickly, usually in less than five minutes.
Unlike a stroke, when a TIA occurs, the blood clot resolves itself and there's no permanent injury. When a stroke
occurs and part of your brain dies from lack of blood flow, the part of the body it controls is affected. Strokes
can cause paralysis, affect language and vision, and cause other problems.
Stroke is a medical emergency. Know these warning signs of stroke and teach
them to others.
EVERY MINUTE MATTERS. Know the F.A.S.T. warning signs of a stroke, and
teach them to others.
side of the face droop or is it numb? Ask the person to smile.
Is one arm weak or numb? Ask the person to raise both arms. Does one arm
Is speech slurred, are they unable to speak, or are they hard to
understand? Ask the person to repeat a simple sentence, like "the sky is blue." Is the sentence repeated
Time to call 911
If the person shows any of these symptoms, even if the symptoms go
away, call 9-1-1 and get them to the hospital immediately.
Beyond F.A.S.T. - Other Symptoms You Should Know
Sudden numbness or weakness of the leg
Sudden confusion or trouble understanding
Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
Sudden severe headache with no known cause
In the past, doctors couldn't do much to help stroke victims. That's not true
today. Now stroke doesn't have to lead to disability or death. The key is to recognize a
stroke and get to the hospital immediately. The clot-dissolving drug tPA (tissue plasminogen activator) can reduce
long-term disability if it's given within three hours after an Ischemic stroke starts. (Ischemic strokes are caused
by clots and are by far the most common type of stroke.)
Unfortunately, tPA isn't used as often as it could be because many people
don't seek care quickly. Don't you make that mistake. If you or someone near you has the warning signs of a
stroke, call 9-1-1 immediately.
Has your local hospital set up the appropriate steps for treating stroke as
an emergency? One way to find out is by checking the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospital
Organization's (JCAHO) list of certified primary stroke
centers. If your local hospital isn't currently on this list, they still may be
prepared to treat stroke. Contact the emergency room administrator and ask if the hospital has acute stroke
protocols that include guidelines for the use of tPA. Knowing which facilities are equipped to treat stroke can
save valuable time.